天國的批判

──馬克思主義與神學對世俗國度的辯證批判

主講: Prof. Roland Boer(羅蘭.博爾教授) 澳洲紐卡塞大學教授 Research Professor in Theology at the University of Newcastle, Australia

座談會主持人: 謝品然博士 (本中心主任)

講座介紹: 馬克思主義理論與神學存在著一種辯證的關係,是最常被用以與聖經和神學相提並論和對照的哲學思想。在對論中究竟兩者是彼此消減抵銷?還是堅固銳化,成為對世俗國度的強力批判?左派思想與教會的神學如何成為其批判現世處境的原則和向度?那麼今天教會可有承載此批判和完善現世的重任?

座談會當晚Roland Boer 教授為我們世俗主義/政教分離論(secularism)的來由,並指出一個基督教國度在實現中因要解決內在矛盾,最終必然是衍生出世俗國度來。他取態於一種世俗主義的思想流派,就是世俗化並不必然等於去宗教,並提到很多時世俗主義倡導者看似凡事包容卻在某些觀念上(尤其關乎宗教)十分保守,反而宗教人士卻對現世的處境抱持十分前進的思想,問題是兩者可如何攜手供獻於當今世界的局面。台下問題不絕,會後大家更是意猶未盡,再續討論和交流!

相關書藉推介: Criticism of Heaven: On Marxism and Theology (by Roland Boer. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2007. 472 pp.)

中文版:天國的批判:論馬克思主義與神學(上、下) (譯者:莊振華、胡繼華、林振華。台灣:橄欖出版社,2009,2010。上冊320頁,下冊360頁)

_______________________________________________ This volume consists of a critical commentary on the interactions between Marxism and theology in the work of the major figures of Western Marxism. It deals with the theological writings of Ernst Bloch, Walter Benjamin, Louis Althusser, Henri Lefebvre, Antonio Gramsci, Terry Eagleton, Slavoj Žižek and Theodor Adorno. In many cases their theological writings are dealt with for the first time in this book. It is surprising how much theological material there is and how little commentators have dealt with it. Apart from the critical engagement with the way they use theology, the book also explores how their theological writings infiltrate and enrich their Marxist work. The book has three parts: Biblical Marxists (Bloch and Benjamin), Catholic Marxists (Althusser, Lefebvre, Gramsci and Eagleton), and the Protestant Turn (Žižek and Adorno). Content:

1. Bloch’s Detective Work Argument and advocacy / From the Bible to sentence production, and back again / Method: class conflict as a hermeneutical key / Vagaries of writing / Oral and written texts / Forces of redaction / Biblical criticism / The politics of interpretation / The critique of myth Exegesis / The Hebrew Bible / New Testament / The return to theology / Atheism / Teleology Transcendence / Faith, hope, sin and death 2. Benjamin’s Perpetuation of Biblical Myth Trauerspiel / Demons, allegory and flesh (allegorical level) / Fall and Eschaton (moral and anagogic levels) / Passagenarbeit / Method: collector as allegorist / Passages / The double allegory of Marxism and theology / Myth and history / Appropriation of the maternal function Genesis / Language / Ursprung / Salvation history [Heilsgeschichte]: the return of biblical myth / Conclusion 3. The Ecclesiastical Eloquence of Louis Althusser Ecclesiastical form: theological writings / From absent cause to philosophy of religion / The logical necessity / Elements of a materialist philosophy of religion / Ideology / Myth / Conclusion: the terminus of (auto)biography? 4. The Heresies of Henri Lefebvre Threshold / Exploration / Worship / Archaeology Heresies / Blondel / Joachim de Fiore and mysticism / Jansen and the Albigensians / The Devil / On religion: reading Lefebvre against himself / Everyday life / Space / Women / Conclusion 5. The Ecumenism of Antonio Gramsci Ecumenism / Politics: the ‘Eighteenth Brumaire’ of the Holy See / Catholic Action / Internal conflict: integralists, Jesuits and modernists / Bewilderment? External alliances / Intellectuals Reformation / Counter-Reformation and Reformation / The Italian Luther / Conclusion 6. The Apostasy of Terry Eagleton Wit and the encyclopaedia, or the tensions of style / Orthodoxy and orthopraxis / Asceticism / Evil and the humble virtues / The absence of sin, or, the politics of forgiveness / Radical christology Theology redidivus? / The desire for a historical Jesus / Christological metaphors / The problem of the personality cult / An intrinsic Eagleton? (The question of ecclesiology) 7. The Conversion of Slavoj Žižek The darkness of Lacan: the challenge of Butler and Laclau / Of truth-events and sundry matters: the challenge of Badiou / Materialist grace? / A glimpse / The cul-de-sac of ethics and love / The Protestant turn / Badiou, or militant gratuitousness / The grace of V. I. Lenin / Kierkegaard’s snare / Revolutionary grace / Conclusion 8. Adorno’s Vacillation Theological suspicion / Demythologisation / Faith: inwardness and history / Christology / Sacrifice / Cosmology: the spheres / Secularised theology / Judaism and the ban on images / The possibilities of theology / Love / Grace / Conclusion

分類

© Copyright 2018 研道社:聖經研究及應用中心 Centre for Advanced Biblical Studies and Application Limited. All Rights Reserved.

  • Facebook Social Icon